She notes that some thinkers feel that epistemic opacity allows us to use simulation tools to experiment creatively however, these tools are beyond our understanding turkle believes it’s possible that passivity is a result of epistemic opacity. 31 epistemic opacity one of the essential features of computational science, which is not mentioned by frigg and reiss, is the essential epistemic opacity of the computational process lead. The third explanation of the epistemic opacity of vague sentences draws on the epistemic theory of vagueness this theory, as we saw, insists that the sentence ‘fred is bald’ has a determinate truth-value for all the possible distributions of fred’s hair, including the ones on the borderline between bald and hairy. Tamara jugov and lea ypi structural injustice, epistemic opacity and the responsibilities of the oppressed1 (journal of social philosophy, forthcoming) i introduction consider statements of the kind: citizens of poor countries are often plagued by corruption. Epistemic opacity, relative to a cognitive agent, means that it is impossible for that cognitive agent to know all the epistemically relevant elements of a computational process.
The epistemic significance associated with each approach is a numerical value that represents, roughly, the number of scientifically or socially important results that can be obtained using a particular approach 5 it represents what the epistemic community cares about. ‘imagining worlds: responsible engineering under conditions of epistemic opacity’, wpe-2007 (workshop on philosophy & engineering), delft university of technology, 29-31 october 2006 coeckelbergh, m 2006. Software-intensive science, and in particular the method of modelling large and complex systems by means of computer simulation, presents acute dilemmas of epistemic trust.
The epistemic opacity of bottom-up models is analogous to the epistemic opacity about the natural physical systems studied in traditional experimental science neither is a serious impediment to discovering how to explain the resulting robust patterns of behavior. Epistemic opacity, confirmation holism and technical debt: computer simulation in the light of empirical software engineering full text is now posted on research gate. As it is epistemic opacity and not strict anonymity that is the target of disclosure in the above suggestion, even otherwise oppressed users are still able to raise their voice without being threatened in the end, the development of open source communities resembles the conservative extensions of the prior division of epistemic labor we.
According to these 'pure' internalists or externalists, any combinations of internalism and externalism would be incompatible in externalism in mind and epistemology, jessica brown addresses the question whether semantic externalism is compatible with epistemic internalism. Epistemic opacity is a fancy way of saying that the understanding of how something actually works does not mean that you don’t know how to use or work that same something take a lawnmower for example a person of general intelligence understands that gasoline needs to be put into the engine in order for it to run. This last formulation of epistemic opacity serves to elucidate the kinds of epistemic challenges at play in our discussion, namely those that are features of the systems in questions and not merely contingent limitations of individual researchers or of teams of researchers. The term “epistemic opacity” was brought into the discussion by paul humphreys (2004,2009), along with other things to characterize the novelty of the problems that computer simulation poses for philosophy. By essential epistemic opacity, relative to a cognitive agent, humphreys means that it is impossible for that cognitive agent, given his or her characteristics, to know all of the epistemically relevant elements of a computational process.
The risk equipment deserves more credit: modeling, epistemic opacity, and immersion through examining the way hydraulic engineers employ and tinker with computational models for managing water-related risks, science and technology scholar matthijs kouw argues for a more reflected stand against such modeling practice. Epistemic trust and the ethics of science communication: against transparency, openness, sincerity and honesty stephen john department of history and philosophy of science, as such, the practices of opacity may, themselves, be a source of fragility, in that, were they discovered, they would seem to provide non-expert audiences with reasons. The fact that nature is opaque and should be elucidated by science is a classic topos epistemic opacity, however, affects the scientific method by a complex interweaving of mathematics and technology.
Epistemic has shifted from the arcane worlds of philosophy, linguistics, and rhetoric to the practical realms of business and marketing for example, a 2007 letter to shareholders from the asset management firm legg mason referred to investors who have a high epistemic threshold and do exhaustive analysis to create near certainty,. In the machine learning community, we focus almost exclusively on epistemic opacity this makes sense it’s the problem machine learning academics are best equipped to tackle. 1 epistemic trauma in religious history, the term modernism still refers narrowly to the late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century movement within roman catholicism, and also to analogous developments in protestantism and reformed judaism.
Assessing adequacy-for-purpose hypotheses is a daunting task owing to the epistemic opacity of complex models that results in confirmation holism (lenhard and winsberg, 2010) assessing the adequacy of climate models for the purpose of predicting future climate is particularly difficult. The book draws on extensive documentation on pragmatism, social epistemology, and virtue epistemology, which buttresses the theorization of organizational information behavior, coupled with an incisive analysis of the epistemic consequences resulted from the contemporary landscape of new media. The hlrs is a national high performance computing center and a central institution of the university of stuttgart wwwuni-stuttgartde.